Institute of Kidney diseases
Treatments & Procedures
The institute offers the most appropriate, comprehensive and cost-effective treatment for a wide range of problems of the kidney and urinary tract.
The following kidney problems are addressed at the Institute:
- Diabetic Nephropathy
- Acute Kidney Injury
- Collagen Vascular Disease
- Chronic Kidney Disease
- All types of Glomerular diseases- Acute Glomerulonephritis, Nephrotic Syndrome.
- Immunological Kidney diseases including SLE, Vasculitis
- Cystic Kidney disease
- Congenital Kidney disorders
- Obstructive Nephropathy
- Renal Stone diseases
- Reno Vascular Disease
- Acute & Chronic Renal Failure
- Urinary Tract infections
- Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis
- Renal Tubular Disorders
The institute’s nephrology team has sizable experience in performing all kinds of procedures such as:
- Kidney Biopsy – A procedure performed to obtain a small sample of kidney tissue using a special needle. The sample obtained is processed and examined under a microscope to determine the cause of kidney disease and its potential outcome after treatment. There are two types of kidney biopsies:
- Percutaneous Kidney Biopsy - This is performed under local anesthesia with ultrasound (high frequency sound waves) or computerized tomography (CT scan) guiding the biopsy needle insertion.
- Open Kidney Biopsy - After a general anesthetic is given, the physician makes an incision in the skin and surgically removes a piece of the kidney. Depending upon the lab findings, further surgery may be performed.
- Kidney Transplantation - A surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from another person. The kidney may come from a deceased organ donor or from a living donor. Global Hospital has an entire dedicated division for kidney transplantation, which has gained reputation as the best and most sophisticated centers in India.
Division of Kidney transplantation
Global Hospital’s Kidney Transplant program is one of the largest in India with comprehensive units in Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Chennai. The transplant program covers both live and cadaveric transplants. It is the first hospital in India to perform combined Kidney & Heart transplantations. Global Hospitals has pioneered the development of Renal Transplantation in India, both in the Live Related and Cadaveric donor program. The institute is first in India to perform simultaneous Heart and Kidney-SHK, a Series of Sequential Liver and Kidney Transplants.
The kidney transplantation program at Global Hospitals is the state-of-the-art program utilizing the newest and the safest immunosuppressive agents. The institute’s Kidney Transplant nephrologists work closely with transplant surgeons and urologists to ensure high clinical outcomes. The institute also has facilities to perform cross-match positive transplants & ABO incompatible transplants (across the blood group barrier) for patients who do not have a blood group compatible donor.
The institute also performs minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic donor kidney removal) for renal donors thereby minimizing post-operative recovery time and hospitalization.
The Kidney transplant team is accomplished in providing the following:
- Solitary Kidney transplant
- Combined Liver Kidney Transplant
- Combined Kidney Pancreas Transplant
- Cadaveric Multiorgan Transplant
- Laparoscopic( Key hole) donor nephrectomy
The Global Hospital’s Kidney Transplant team is a multi-disciplinary unit of highly skilled and trained transplant experts from various disciplines such as:
- Transplant physicians
- Transplant Urologists - Adult & Pediatric
- Transplant Surgeons
- Transplant Anesthesiologist & Critical Care Specialist
- Transplant experienced Lab Specialist
- Coordinators and social workers, transplant nurses (theatre, ICU, and transplant wards), perfusionists and technician, all of who are well-accomplished in their respective fields.
- Kidney Ultrasound - A noninvasive procedure (the skin is not pierced) used to assess the size, shape, and location of the kidneys. Ultrasound technology allows quick visualization of the kidneys and related structures from outside the body. Ultrasound may also be used to assess blood flow to the kidneys, a procedure known as Renal Doppler.
- Dialysis Services - A process for removing waste and excess water from the blood, and is primarily used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Dialysis may be used for those with an acute disturbance in kidney function (acute kidney injury/ acute renal failure) or for those with progressive but chronically worsening kidney function – a state known as chronic kidney disease stage 5. The two main types of dialysis - Hemodialysis and Peritoneal dialysis - remove wastes and excess water from the blood in different ways.
- Hemodialysis – The process removes wastes and water by circulating blood outside the body through an external filter, called a dialyzer that contains a semipermeable membrane.
- Peritoneal Dialysis – Wastes and excess water move from the blood, across the peritoneal membrane, and into a special dialysis solution, called dialysate, in the abdominal cavity, which has a composition similar to the fluid portion of blood.